Frode Leversund
President and CEO

Right now, we are involved in unprecedented value creation. Our gas deliveries to continental Europe and the UK are at their second-highest level ever. More than 114 billion standard cubic metres were exported by pipeline in 2018. That has generated record revenues for Norwegian society.


Europe needs our contribution, and Norwegian gas has never been in such demand. For the second year in a row, we experienced little difference between summer and winter in our gas deliveries. Norway meets about 25 per cent of the gas required in the European and British energy mix. It is not merely significant, but essential. Norway’s own energy supplies are based on hydropower. We Norwegians are fortunate in having good access to natural resources. At the same time, the country exports gas volumes with an energy content roughly nine times greater than its annual hydropower output. This means Norwegian gas is needed. In other words, we play a very important role in ensuring secure energy supplies for people in Europe and the UK.

The German coal commission recently recommended shutting down all Germany’s power stations based on this fuel by 2038. Norwegian gas will play a key role in phasing out coal and in reaching the common goals set in the Paris agreement. The UK is cited as Europe’s best example, with CO emissions at their lowest for 120 years.

Norwegian gas is to be trusted. We deliver energy with more than 99 per cent reliability. And we do this with the lowest-ever CO emissions per unit produced. 


We can be proud of this. At the same time, it is not enough. We in Gassco have extensive plans and specific activities which, taken together, mean we will contribute more. This work will help Norwegian gas to stay competitive, reliable and as important for Europe as hydropower is to Norway. At the same time, this will help Europe to reach its climate goals. These objectives are also Norway’s, as part of Europe.

The Petroleum Safety Authority Norway’s main issue for 2019 is safe, strong and clear. We can never be satisfied with our health, safety and environmental results. These are perishable commodities, and new challenges and risks will emerge. We must also ensure that they are understood and minimised. The same applies to competitiveness. The signals indicate that the oil and gas industry is back on a rising curve. It is then important to emphasise that we must never be satisfied if we are going to stay competitive and constantly occupy our proper position. The pace of change today demands that we are alert and determined. 

The Norwegian continental shelf (NCS) is still developing. That has been demonstrated by the start-up of the Polarled pipeline in late 2018, which opened up a completely new province for Norwegian gas to Europe. This facility crosses the Arctic Circle under water and expands Norway’s existing gas pipeline system to just under 9 000 kilometres. 

Our industry has an exciting future. Big quantities of energy and remaining resources are available. We must ensure that we make the right choices now. A 70-20-10 rule could be a good way of visualising the big picture. On the road to a renewable society, I think that 70 per cent of the activities which Norway makes it living from today will still be central 50 years from now. The difference is that they will not be pursued in the same way. Twenty per cent will be new areas where some of the opportunities can be discerned today, while the final 10 per cent will be fundamentally new and unknown.


Natural gas lies within the 70 per cent. To be part of the solution, Norway must make new discoveries, produce with lower emissions than its competitors and constantly improve its competitiveness. At a time when short-term thinking threatens to take over, we in Gassco will continue to create value for sustaining Norwegian prosperity and to think long-term.   


Gassco is a limited company owned by the Norwegian state. It operates the integrated gas transport system from the Norwegian continental shelf (NCS) to European countries. This network comprises pipelines, process facilities, platforms and gas terminals in continental Europe and the UK.

The company’s head office is at Bygnes in Karmøy local authority. It also has branches in Germany, Belgium, France and the UK, which are responsible for day-to-day operation of the receiving terminals.

Operating parameters for Gassco are determined by the Norwegian government. The company’s primary roles are defined as the exercise of special and normal operator responsibilities. The special operatorship refers to the exercise as a government authority of duties allocated to Gassco pursuant to the Norwegian Petroleum Act and associated regulations. It covers system operation, capacity management and infrastructure development. The normal operatorship refers to the technical operation of process plants, pipelines, platforms and terminals pursuant to the Norwegian Petroleum Act’s provisions on operator responsibility. These duties are further regulated by agreements with the Gassled, Zeepipe Terminal, Dunkerque Terminal DA, Valemon Rich Gas Pipeline, Utsira High Gas Pipe, Knarr Gas Pipeline, Haltenpipe, Nyhamna, Polarled and Vestprosess DA joint ventures.

Gassco has entered into agreements with Equinor, Shell and North Sea Midstream Partners on the purchase of technical operating services for pipelines, gas terminals, platforms and process plants.

Gassco does not make a profit or a loss from its operations. Costs are covered by the joint ventures, the users and third parties. This means that its economic and financial risks are very limited.


strategic goals

  • Safe, reliable and efficient operation – 24/7. 
  • Reduce climate impact through sustainable operation and business development.
  • Maintain high Norwegian gas exports beyond 2030.
  • Efficient organisation of the NCS infrastructure.


The management system describes the company’s corporate governance. Risk assessments are conducted and the most hazardous activities at any given time identified in order to ensure safe operation of the business. Gassco’s management system and associated control routines ensure efficient and prudent operation in accordance with applicable legislation, statutory regulations and specified goals.

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is an integral part of the company’s organisational culture, strategy, operational activities and ethical conduct towards the world at large. Gassco draws up an annual plan for its work on CSR, which is followed up by the executive management.

Health, safety, the environment and quality (HSE&Q)

Gassco has a philosophy of zero accidents and no harm to people, the environment or material assets. This is based on a conviction that all harm can be prevented by systematic and purposeful HSE&Q work. No incidents in Gassco’s operator area resulted in loss of life during 2018.

The working environment in Gassco is good. The company's target for a number of years has been an overall sickness absence below three per cent. Sickness absence during 2018 was 3.16 per cent for the whole business.

The company’s management system covers such aspects as reporting, investigating and following up incidents and non-conformities. This work is important for achieving continuous improvement in the HSE&Q area. The company has defined key performance indicators (KPIs) which show how HSE&Q results are developing over time. This helps to identify trends in order to ensure that improvement initiatives are measurable and as effective as possible. 

Gassco worked purposefully in 2018 to identify, follow up and implement measures in the wake of incidents. The frequency of incidents defined as critical rose from 2017 to 2018. Five critical incidents occurred in 2018, compared with one in 2017. One of these was classified as critical at red level 2 because of its actual consequences. The other four were rated critical at red level 2 because of their potential. All five of these critical incidents have been investigated. 

The personal injury frequency for Gassco’s operator area in 2018 was 4.42, compared with 5.28 in 2017 – a 16.3 per cent improvement from the year before. The main reasons for this enhanced performance were purposeful work on HSE and continuous improvement. The board wants to see systematic improvement work in the HSE field in order to reach the goal of zero personal injuries or critical incidents in 2019.

No gas leaks larger than 0.1 kg/s were recorded in 2018. Gassco registered a minor fire at Kårstø during the year. All process plants, gas terminals and platforms were operated within their annual emission/discharge limits in 2018. Three cases of reportable oil and chemical discharges occurred, affecting Draupner, Kollsnes and Heimdal respectively. All were of minor significance for the natural environment.


Health and safety results Results 2018 Results 2017
Deaths 0 0
Personal injuries in total 19 20
Lost-time injuries 7 6
Fires 1 0
Gas leaks 0 1
Critical incidents 5 1
Unlicensed emissions/discharges 0 0
Accidental discharges, oil/chemicals 3 0


The company was awarded 914 389 emission allowances free of charge in 2018, and purchased 551 000. Each allowance corresponds to the emission of one tonne of CO.

Emissions/discharges to the natural environment Emissions 2018 Emissions 2017
Nitrogen oxides 926.3 kilograms 963.9 kilograms
To the air Carbon dioxide 1 360 kilotonnes 1 403 kilotonnes
Safety flaring 17.1 kilotonnes 20.7 kilotonnes
To water Oil 202 kilograms 226 kilograms
TOC 10 929 kilograms 5 338 kilograms
To soil/water Accidental discharges, oil/chemicals 13 760 litres 0 litres


One of Gassco’s strategic goals is to reduce its climate impact through sustainable operation and business development. A road map to 2030 was drawn up during 2018 to support this strategic goal. This work was pursued with the broad involvement of both owners and shippers, and the road map will be an important strategic aid in defining activities which should be the focus of Gassco’s attention. 

Supervision in the form of audits, verifications and management inspections plays an important role in Gassco’s follow-up of its business. The company is also subject to control by official regulators and the owners. Substantially more audits of Gassco were conducted by the authorities during 2018 than in the preceding years. The audits in 2018 identified 10 nonconformities and 36 learning points. These nonconformities varied in their level of seriousness, and actions and deadlines have been established for closing them. Learning points provide the basis for further improvements. The board is pleased with the work done, and is concerned to ensure that active efforts are made to implement improvements. 

The emergency response organisation is an important component in Gassco. The response organisation at Bygnes held and participated in nine exercises during 2018. These drills demonstrated that Gassco has a robust and well-functioning emergency response organisation. Gassco’s response organisation was mobilised nine times in 2018, compared with an annual average of six in recent years.

The company will continue its efforts to achieve HSE&Q improvements, in close cooperation with the companies carrying out operating assignments on Gassco's behalf. Particular attention is directed at all conditions which have a major accident potential, with special emphasis given to the safety of processes and people.

Risk management plays a key role in Gassco’s management processes and is utilised throughout the business in decision processes and projects. The procedure for risk management in Gassco reflects updated knowledge in the risk management field. New tools and risk pictures have been developed and function well. 

Gassco is continuing work to put a new archive system and a new collaboration solution in place, and these are expected to be implemented during 2019. The company is also working purposefully on security, particularly in relation to ICT. 

Based on a survey, the company initiated a comprehensive cultural programme named “One Gassco” to pursue preventive efforts with HSE.














Operation of the gas transport system

Natural gas deliveries from the Norwegian gas transport system to Europe came to 114.2 billion scm in 2018, compared with 117.4 billion scm the year before. Total deliverability was 99.16 per cent, as against 99.48 per cent in 2017. Incorporation of new operatorships is not included in the 2017 figure. Norwegian deliveries to continental Europe and the UK remained high, and have only once been higher – in 2017. Given the very high level of utilisation in the transport system, the board is pleased with the high production availability and regularity achieved by the whole gas transport system in 2018.

Vessel traffic, which includes shipment of natural gas liquids (NGL) and light oil (Gudrun Blend) from Kårstø, is carefully coordinated with daily gas transport in order to avoid full product stores and field shutdowns. A total of 633 ship calls were recorded at Kårstø during the year without causing any incidents of significance for gas transport.


Gas transport 2018 2017
Deliverability (%) 99.161 99.48
Quality (%) 99.97 99.97
Gas delivered to terminals in Europe (billion scm) 114.2 117.4
Highest delivery per day (million scm) 368.3 376.0
Average gross calorific value (kWh/scm) 10.9 10.9
Total volume other products delivered from the gas transport system (million tonnes) 1032 10.2
1 Includes volumes for all Gassco-operated licences. 
2 Includes volumes from Kårstø, Vestprosess and Nyhamna.

The gas transport system has a flexibility which makes it possible to compensate for production disruptions on fields, at process plants and on riser platforms. This flexibility can be utilised through the management exercised by Gassco's control room, which operates around the clock. As the transport system has become increasingly complex and more intensively utilised, with more fields tied in and a larger number of gas qualities, delivering with almost 100 per cent availability in the market has become more demanding.

Operating costs excluding electricity and taxes for the facilities operated by Gassco over the past five years have been reduced by just over NOK 500 million. This will be an annual saving for the future. Operating costs for 2018 totalled NOK 7 437 million, while the target for the year was NOK 7 035 million. The 2018 figure also includes Nyhamna, Vestprosess and Polarled, since Gassco became operator for these facilities in 2017 and 2018. Increased electricity tariffs are the primary reason why actual costs exceeded the target. Improvements to the expense of operating the gas transport system contribute to cost cuts and value creation on the NCS.

Development of the gas infrastructure

Gassco took over the operatorship for the Vestprosess process plant at Mongstad on 1 January 2018. This facility treats NGL from the Kollsnes gas processing plant and the Sture terminal. The NGL is fractionated into various components used at the Mongstad refinery or exported from there.

Completed in 2018, upgrading work at the Nyhamna gas processing plant allows it to receive gas from Aasta Hansteen. This field began gas production in December 2018.

The subsea tie-in of the gas pipeline from Johan Sverdrup field to the Statpipe rich gas pipeline for gas deliveries to the Kårstø plant was completed in the third quarter of 2018. Plans call for gas exports from Johan Sverdrup to commence in late 2019.

Gassco carried out a conceptual study in 2018 for a spur from the Europipe II pipeline to Nybro in Denmark. This spur forms part of the Baltic Pipe infrastructure project, which could transport Norwegian natural gas to both Danish and Polish markets from 2022.

Assessments have been made by Gassco of the need for future development in Norway’s gas infrastructure. Among other conclusions, this work has identified changed transport and process needs in the Heimdal area. Based on that requirement, a project has been launched to tie together the pipelines in the Heimdal area on the seabed. Studies have also been initiated for removing the Heimdal riser platform.

Gassco assesses transport concepts for all gas reserves in order to identify the best solutions for the NCS. These include evaluating transport solutions for the gas resources covered by the Noaka (North of Askja, Krafla and Alvheim) project, Troll Phase 3 and Luno II in connection with the choice of concept by the licensees. 

Gassco conducts analyses and prepares annual transport plans, which assess future requirements for developing transport capacity on the basis of user needs. These plans show that the gas infrastructure is expected to be well utilised over the next decade.

The Norwegian gas infrastructure is largely powered by electricity from the grid. A new transmission line between Modalen and Mongstad is under construction for planned completion in 2019. This is a step in securing two robust supply routes to Kollsnes. Timely development of the power grid in line with changed requirements is crucial for Gassco’s operations. It accordingly follows up studies and network plans by relevant grid operators. 



Two organisational development projects were prominent during 2017 and 2018: the competence development project and the reorganisation of the staff and support units in Gassco. 

Both projects have been followed up closely by the company’s board. Implemented throughout the organisation, the competence development project concentrated primarily on the foreign terminals in 2018. Structured and forward-looking talent and management development has been an important guideline in this project. The board’s follow-up of ongoing competence and management development in the company has been handled through involvement in and reviews by the competence development committee, which reports status and development trends back to the board. This ensures that the board’s duties with regard to Report no 27 (2013-14) to the Storting and White Papers concerning the exercise of state ownership are taken care of.

Management and personnel development in Gassco is rooted in the company’s vision and values base.

Gassco’s vision: "Gassco – securing energy supply" 

Gasscos’ value base:
"Gassco – on TRACK"

T – transparent 
R – respectful
A – accountable
C – challenging
K – knowledgeable

An employee survey was conducted in Gassco during 2018. Put briefly, this showed an organisation with a strong commitment and capacity to act. The survey report was presented to a joint meeting of all employees, the board, elected union officers, safety delegates and the working environment committee (AMU). Each unit has reviewed its own results and identified improvement areas. Some overriding issues have been followed up specially with common performance indicators in 2019 as well. These include the ability of the organisation to give and receive feedback as well as the degree of worker participation and information. These issues will be followed up in departmental meetings and performance assessment reviews. 

Gassco had 330 permanent employees at 31 December 2018, including 139 at the gas terminals in continental Europe and the UK. The company currently has two office trainees in Norway, and none abroad.

Equal opportunities and anti-discrimination

The company’s human resources policy is gender-neutral and meets its goals for equality of opportunity, diversity and continuous organisational development. Job advertisements manifest the company's desire for a good gender balance, age spread and diversity in the workforce. Qualified candidates from a minority background will be called for interview.

Women account for 26 per cent of Gassco’s workforce. Recruiting more women graduates and facilitating female career development in the company are among its priorities. In determining and negotiating pay, Gassco pays special attention to equal treatment of men and women. Women account for 57 per cent of Gassco’s executive management team. 

The company’s human resources policy concentrates attention on equal opportunities and further development of talented people at all levels of the organisation.

Gassco has ensured good physical access to its buildings, including for people with disabilities. Workplaces are individually customised for employees with actual or incipient repetitive strain injuries. Collaboration with the company health and safety delegate services is open and solution-oriented.


To support its strategic goals and to strengthen the attention devoted to new technical solutions, Gassco created an innovation unit with effect from 1 February 2018. 

This unit is responsible for challenging and facilitating innovation processes by identifying available and emerging technologies and solutions. It is also in charge of the company’s digitalisation programme. 

The latter aims to help reduce risk and the environmental footprint, as well as enhancing value creation through more automation, increased production and reduced costs.

Attention in Gassco was concentrated in 2018 on developing expertise with digitalisation as well as initiating work on its digital strategy.

Research and development provides a key strategic instrument for innovation and digitalisation. The R&D portfolio in 2018 comprised the following strategic programmes, where digitalisation has been a central cross-cutting aspect.

Value creation beyond 2030: To make provision for increased future volumes and value creation beyond 2030, work continued in 2018 on gas quality specifications for rich gas systems. Developing solutions for metering gas quantity and quality on the seabed has been a key priority, along with gas transport solutions for new regions such as the Barents Sea. 

Effective operation:  Work on testing and implementing robots for inspecting pressure vessels and equipment has continued in order to help ensure safe and efficient operation. A priority has been developing and testing digital solutions for condition monitoring of critical equipment. 

Sustainable development: The main focus in this programme during 2018 was expertise development with hydrogen and carbon capture, transport and storage (CCS). Work was also done to bring forward innovative digital solutions for detecting and quantifying diffuse emissions.

NOK 80.4 million was spent on R&D activities in 2018.

Share capital and shareholders

Net profit was NOK 0. The company’s equity at 31 December 2018 was NOK 15 248 350.

The total balance sheet at 31 December 2018 was NOK 1 011 million, and the company had liquid assets through bank deposits of NOK 313 million at the same date. 

Gassco is organised so that the company does not make a profit or a loss from its operations, and has been exempted from capital and income taxes pursuant to section 2-32, paragraph one of the Norwegian Taxation Act. On that basis, market, liquidity and credit risk is considered to be low.

Pursuant to section 3-3a of the Norwegian Accounting Act, the board confirms that the accounts have been prepared on the assumption that the company is a going concern. 


Natural gas deliveries from Norway cover about a quarter of Europe’s total consumption. Norwegian gas will continue to occupy a key place in the security of European energy supply for a long time to come.

While gas consumption in Europe is expected to be high, its impact on the climate is to be reduced. The European energy mix will require natural gas in periods when the contribution from renewable solar and wind power is reduced and for a possible phasing-out of coal. Gassco will continue its efforts to reduce the climate footprint of Norway’s natural gas, and to improve energy utilisation at all stages.

The Norwegian Petroleum Directorate estimates that less than half of Norway’s expected gas resources have been produced. Forecasts show that the level of deliveries will remain high in the long term, and that annual deliveries are also expected to stay at a high level up to 2035.

About 80 per cent of the undiscovered gas resources are expected to lie in the Norwegian and Barents Seas. In order to keep gas production from the NCS high over the long term, further development of the gas transport system will be needed. The Aasta Hansteen gas field and the Polarled pipeline open up a new area of the NCS and will lead to increased exploration for gas resources in the Norwegian Sea. The existing gas infrastructure in the Barents Sea is expected to be fully utilised for the next 15-20 years, and expectations for gas resources in this part of the NCS are great. A coordinated development of Barents Sea resources will be important for establishing new transport solutions so that the area’s resource potential can be realised.

Delivering Norwegian natural gas to the European market on competitive terms and with high regularity remains important. Gassco’s role will be to ensure that value creation on the NCS is maximised by maintaining a safe, reliable and efficient gas infrastructure.

The company has initiated work on an expanded strategic analysis of operating parameters and external factors which could affect its strategic goals and future prospects. This work will continue in 2019.


Bygnes, 28 March 2019

Mimi K Berdal

Tor Rasmus Skjærpe 


Hilde Fadnes Hølland           

Frode Leversund  
President and CEO

* Elected by the employees

Nina Schieldrop Lie

Jan Skogseth 

Brynjar Aardal 


Johan E Hustad


Kenneth Flotve


Board of directors

Mimi K Berdal
Chair (born 1959). With a background as a lawyer, she currently runs her own business. Berdal previously served as a legal advisor with Total Norge, and as a partner in the Arntzen de Besche law firm. She also has broad experience of boardroom work in and as the chair of listed and private companies covering various sectors. Berdal has been a director since 2007 and chair since 2016.

Nina Schieldrop Lie
Director (born 1962). She graduated from the Norwegian School of Economics (NHH) and also has an executive MBA in financial management and leadership from the same institution. She is senior adviser at DNB Konserninvesteringer. Lie has previously served as regional manager responsible for DNB’s operations in the Stavanger region and as a vice president for Accenture Rogaland. She has been a CFO in the oil industry, including at oil company Petoro AS, Aker Drilling ASA and Navis ASA. Lie holds a number of directorships in such sectors as finance, technology and energy. She has been a director since 2012. 

Johan Einar Hustad
Director (born 1954). Hustad is a professor and director of NTNU Energy. He has served as pro-rector at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) with responsibility for innovation, headed the department of energy and process technology at the NTNU, and occupied several management posts at the university and at Sintef. He was also head of the centre for renewable energy (NTNU/Sintef/IFE), Nordic research professor for Nordic energy research, and guest professor at Stanford University in the USA. He has served on a number of national and international committees and technical bodies. Hustad has been a director since 2012.

Jan Skogseth
Director (born 1955). He has an MSc from the South Dakota School of Mines & Technology and more than 35 years of experience from the oil, gas and renewables industry, working for oil companies and the supplies sector in Norway and internationally. Skogseth was CEO of Aibel from 2008 to 2017, and played an important role in establishing that company on several continents. He has held several board appointments, including many years of service as chair of the oil and gas section of the Federation of Norwegian Industries. Skogseth is currently a director of SR Bank ASA, Scatec Solar ASA and PSW Group AS. He has been a director since 2018.

Tor Rasmus Skjærpe
Director (born 1950). He graduated as a petroleum engineer from the NTNU and is currently a consultant in the oil and gas sector. Skjærpe was with the Proactima consultancy in 2014-16, where he delivered services related to leadership as well as risk and management systems. He has previously held various executive position with Petoro and Norsk Hydro in operations, technology, licence management and strategy. Skjærpe has been a director since 2017.

Kenneth Flotve      
Worker director (born 1964). He works in the IT department of Gassco AS and heads the Gassco branch of the Norwegian Society of Engineers and Technologists (Nito). Flotve has been a director since 2018.

Hilde Fadnes Hølland
Worker director (born 1972). She is a senior administrative officer in Gassco AS, and chair of the Gassco branch of the Norwegian Union of Industry and Energy Workers. Hølland has been a director since 2018.

Brynjar Aardal 
Worker director (born 1981). He is a principal engineer in Gassco AS and head of the Gassco branch of the Norwegian Society of Graduate Technical and Scientific Professionals (Tekna). Aardal has been a director since 2017.


The board’s presentation of corporate governance

Governing bodies in Gassco are the general meeting, the board of directors, the chief executive and the management group. The roles and responsibilities of the various bodies are defined at the highest level by legislation, statutory regulations, agreements and Gassco’s articles of association.

Corporate governance in Gassco accords with relevant points in the Norwegian code of practice in this area. Since the company is not listed, but is a wholly state-owned limited company which does not have the generation of profits and income for the shareholder as its business purpose, aspects relating to equity and dividend, equal treatment of shareholders and transactions with close associates, free transferability of the company’s shares, the general meeting, a nomination committee and takeovers are not relevant and therefore not covered below.

Corporate governance in Gassco covers the overall management and control systems intended to ensure that the interests of the owner, the employees, and the users and owners of the gas transport system are protected. It will also ensure that the company is run in a safe, efficient, sustainable, ethical and socially responsible manner from the perspective of Norwegian society.

Gassco’s business 

The company’s business purpose, as described in its articles of association, is to operate transport systems for natural gas on and from the NCS, including pipelines, platforms, process facilities and gas terminals, either on its own account or through participation in or together with other companies, and activities related to this. The company operates an extensive gas transport system which has been built up over more than 40 years. Owners and users of the gas transport systems are mainly large global players in the oil and gas industry as well as major investment companies. Gassco has been assigned responsibility for operating the upstream gas pipeline network by the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy (MPE) pursuant to section 4, sub-section 9 of the Petroleum Act.

Gassco’s primary roles can be divided into two components – the normal and special operatorships.

The normal operatorship relates to asset management, licence administration and project development. An important part of asset management is to see to it that activities are conducted in a manner which ensures that health, safety and environmental standards are met. Gassco’s normal operatorship relates to operation and maintenance of the gas transport systems Gassled, Zeepipe Terminal, Dunkerque Terminal DA, Haltenpipe, the Valemon Rich Gas Pipeline, the Utsira High Gas Pipe, the Knarr Gas Pipeline, Nyhamna, Polarled and Vestprosess DA. The company is subject to the authority of the owners to issue instructions pursuant to the operator agreements. Each partnership has a management committee (MC) which can establish sub-committees, such as the operating committee (OC) and project committee (PC). These can be given mandates as required. 

Agreements have been concluded by Gassco covering the purchase of technical services. The technical service providers (TSPs) perform their work in the various sections of the gas transport system on behalf of Gassco. Agreements have been entered into with Equinor, Shell and North Sea Midstream Partners for this type of service. 

The special operatorship covers the exercise as a government authority of duties assigned to Gassco pursuant to the Petroleum Act and chapter 9 of the petroleum regulations. The transport system owners have no right to issue instructions in respect of these duties. The special operatorship covers system operation, capacity administration and infrastructure development. 

System operation covers planning, monitoring, coordinating, managing and following up product flows from the fields on the NCS, through the integrated transport network, to the gas terminals. 

Capacity administration involves the determination of committable physical capacity in the pipeline network and the process plants, and the allocation of transport capacity in these facilities. The allocation of transport capacity involves entering into transport contracts on behalf of the owners. 

Infrastructure development includes studies and development projects in the Norwegian gas pipeline network. Gassco is required to assess the continued development of the upstream gas pipeline network with a view to achieving integrated transport solutions for the petroleum sector. In that context, the company works partly on the basis of funds paid by the users through the tariffs, pursuant to section 4 (vi) of the tariff regulations, and partly on the basis of financing from investor groups which wish to have an infrastructure project investigated in more detail.

The Infrastructure Advisory Board (IAB), the Operating Forum and the NGL Forum have been established to look after user interests. They consider such matters as work programmes and budgets for the special operatorship. The IAB provides an arena where owners and users can discuss relevant issues concerning operational and strategic topics related to continued development of the infrastructure.

Gassco’s vision

Gassco – securing energy supply.

Gassco’s strategic goals

  • Safe, reliable and efficient operation – 24/7. 
  • Reduce climate impact through sustainable operation and business development.
  • Maintain high Norwegian gas exports beyond 2030. 
  • Efficient organisation of the NCS infrastructure.

The company’s strategic goals are evaluated annually, and strategic action plans and key performance indicators (KPIs) with goals and traffic lights are established and approved by the board. The KPIs measure how far the company has achieved the sectoral policy goals set by the MPE. By ensuring good HSE results, high regularity of gas deliveries to continental Europe and the UK, and operating costs below the budget ambition, Gassco contributes to maximising value creation from the NCS.

Risk in the company is reviewed quarterly with the board. Measures and actions relating to both risk and KPIs are followed up and reported monthly to the board and in owner meetings with the MPE.

Gassco has established guidelines for work on corporate social responsibility (CSR) which accord with the government’s ownership policy and with the principles for good CSR. The principles in both the ISO standard and the UN Global Compact are incorporated in the company’s governing documents. On the basis of these principles, Gassco has a list of core areas – including labour rights, climate and the environment, anti-corruption work and stakeholder analyses – which it works on. The company’s ethical guidelines for procurement as well as the guidelines on IT use and whistleblowing also form part of its CSR efforts. CSR forms an integrated part of Gassco’s organisation culture, strategy, operational activities and ethical conduct towards the world at large. An annual plan is drawn up for such work and followed up by management. Furthermore, work on CSR is entrenched in the Gassco board.

Through CSR, Gassco as a company takes responsibility for its activities – including the way these affect various players in society. Gassco exercises its CSR in part through support for clubs and organisations in the region where its head office is located, and in other local communities where it pursues operations.

Where tendering processes are concerned, clarification is secured that the supplier has established its own CSR policy and guidelines, and that these accord with Gassco’s requirements. Possible conditions which might be identified will have consequences for the supplier’s participation in tendering processes.

A general respect for human rights is an integral part of Gassco’s values base. Its ethical guidelines conform with the principles of the UN Global Compact and the OECD’s guidelines for multinational companies, and support Gassco’s values base. The ethical guidelines form part of the company’s governing documentation, and apply to all employees and consultants in every country. Everyone joining the company receives an introduction to Gassco’s ethical rules and value choices, and is kept regularly updated in this area.


Transactions with related parties

Equinor ASA and Gassco AS have a common owner in the MPE, and are accordingly related parties. Gassco purchases goods and services from Equinor ASA related to technical plant operation and third-party assignments at cost, pursuant to the technical service provider (TSP) agreement.

General meeting

The general meeting is the company’s highest authority. The minister of petroleum and energy acts as the general meeting, and is thereby responsible for administering the government’s ownership of the company. The annual general meeting is held in Oslo or on the island of Karmøy before the end of June each year. It adopts the profit and loss account and the balance sheet, determines the application of net profit or coverage of net loss, and elects the company’s auditor as well as determining the auditor’s fee. The general meeting also elects the chair and directors on behalf of the shareholder and ensures that, overall, the board has appropriate and adequate expertise, capacity and diversity. Women accounted in 2018 for 40 per cent of directors elected by the general meeting. Apart from the owner, the AGM is attended by the directors, the chief executive and the auditor. The oil and gas department of the MPE is responsible for day-to-day supervision of Gassco.


Corporate assembly and board of directors

Corporate assembly

Pursuant to the Norwegian Act on Limited Liability Companies, a corporate assembly must be elected for companies with more than 200 employees. However, agreement has been reached with the employees that the company should not have such a body. Instead, the employees have elected an additional worker director.

Board of directors, composition and independence  

The Gassco board comprises eight directors, including five elected by the general meeting and three elected by and from among the employees. All directors elected by the general meeting are independent of the company’s day-to-day management and significant business associates. None of the directors elected by the general meeting has separate assignments for the company in addition to their directorship. No alternates are elected for these directors, nor do they have a pension plan or a pay guarantee agreement. None of the directors owns shares in the company. Directors are elected for up to two years at a time. Continuity on the board is secured by providing new directors with a detailed briefing on the company’s history, status and challenges (introduction programme). On accession, new directors must sign declarations of willingness to serve and of confidentiality, and confirm that they have read the articles of association, the ethical guidelines, the procedure for corporate social responsibility (CSR), the instructions for the board, the compensation committee and the chief executive, and the authority matrix for the company. 

The chief executive is not a director. 


Work of the board

The board ensures an acceptable organisation of the business. It is responsible for establishing control systems and for ensuring that the business is pursued in accordance with the company’s values base and guidelines on ethics and CSR.

It gives weight to avoiding conflicts of interest, and to ensuring that directors and executives possess broad and in-depth expertise relevant to the company’s challenges and the business for which it exercises operator responsibility. The board appoints the chief executive, and establishes instructions for its own work, for the compensation committee and for the chief executive.

The board determines strategy, performance indicators, budgets, accounts and other important issues on the basis of proposals from the chief executive, who is responsible for day-to-day management of the company. The board can also put items for decision or information on its agenda at its own initiative.

Four to eight board meetings are usually held every year, plus a strategy meeting. The board is also kept informed about the business through regular reporting between meetings. A special portal has been established to provide directors with information. The chair can call extraordinary meetings as required.

Four board meetings and one board seminar were held in 2018, and attendance was 97 per cent.

A decision matrix and a schedule have been prepared for the board, which specifies its role in relation to the various issues. The board evaluates its work and competence on an annual basis.

A power of attorney on behalf of the company has been awarded to the chief executive and to the heads of the German, Belgian/French and UK terminals.

Audit committee

Following an assessment, the board has concluded that it does not need to appoint an audit committee. The company is subject to greater independent scrutiny and system audits by impartial parties than is usual for a joint stock company. Reports and feedback from such audits are communicated to the board on a continuous basis. The board conducts a special review with the external auditor in connection with the annual audit.

Compensation committee

The board has established a compensation committee. Its role is to prepare matters for the board which concern the conditions of employment for the CEO, the frameworks and principles governing such terms for other employees (including bonus plans), and other conditions relating to remuneration, supplementary benefits, incentive models, pension terms, and organisational and competence development in the company. The committee comprises three directors who are appointed by the general meeting. It is chaired by the chair of the board or one of the other committee members appointed by the board. Instructions have been prepared for the appointment and work of the compensation committee, and these have been adopted by the board.

Risk management and internal control

Management and control are exercised through various processes which involve one or more of the company’s governing bodies. The shareholder’s management and control of the business are exercised through annual and extraordinary general meetings. The board ensures that the company is run in accordance with its strategy and objectives through board meetings and periodic reporting from the company. Gassco’s board works to safeguard the owner’s interests, but also has a responsibility towards employees, government authorities, customers/users, infrastructure owners, suppliers and other stakeholders. The established management principles are intended to secure good operation and control of the business. These principles are adjusted on an on-going basis to ensure that the company operates in conformity with statutory provisions. The management system is reviewed annually by the board. In addition, Gassco is subject to management and control by the infrastructure owners in joint ventures for which the company exercises operator functions. Gassco’s management structure builds on established and communicated goals, strategies and values, including ethical rules. Gassco’s executive management, which comprises a seven-member management team, regularly checks that the business is being conducted in accordance with its strategy. Relevant government agencies, as well as users and owners of the gas transport system, also conduct regular audits and supervision of Gassco’s operatorship as well as associated activities and management systems. The chief executive is responsible for ensuring that the executive management reviews the management system twice a year, and an annual plan has been established to ensure that this is done.

The management system manual, including the subordinate procedures, describes the company’s corporate governance. Gassco has developed a management model which brings together and systematises all its processes. The company’s duties and roles are derived from the overall goals, principles and frame documents governing Gassco’s operations.

Gassco’s management model has three levels. The topmost level comprises the corporate governance process group. Next come four groups of processes related to Gassco’s duties within the special and normal operatorships. The third level consists of six groups of staff and support processes. 

The corporate governance process group first embraces processes concerning control of the company by the owner (in other words, the MPE and the board). Second, it covers processes for management of the company, including the establishment of the management system manual, the transport plan, and the budget and business plan, as well as the determination of strategies and key performance indicators (KPIs), budgeting and decision-making processes, and important processes related to quality assurance. The latter include risk management, control mechanisms such as auditing and self-regulation, consistency checks, customer surveys and managing non-conformity.

An authority matrix has been established, along with a decision matrix which describes the decision-making processes to be observed for important issues, who is responsible for the final decision, and the source of the decision-maker’s authority.

Terms of reference for the various joint ventures and their committees have been established and approved by the owners. A special verification process for projects has been established and approved.

The user fora – the Infrastructure Advisory Board (IAB), the Operating Forum, the NGL Forum and the NCS Gas Infrastructure Forum – have been established with participation from relevant companies. Participants in these bodies are licensees on the NCS and qualified shippers. Gassco continuously evaluates whether the established user fora function as intended. Although formal decisions are taken either by the owners of the gas infrastructure or by participants in specific infrastructure development projects, the work processes ensure that shippers exert genuine influence ahead of these decisions.

Primary responsibility for Gassco’s monitoring activity rests with the compliance department, which draws up annual monitoring programmes. This unit conducts internal audits as well as auditing the work of the TSPs. Other types of internal and external monitoring activities are also conducted by Gassco’s units and projects. A monitoring pool has been established with responsibility for conducting all activities of this kind where external management is not needed nor mandatory. This helps to ensure that operations are conducted as required by legislation, statutory regulations, in-house instructions and the TSPs’ own in-house requirements.

The results of these monitoring activities are used to achieve continuous improvements to and further development of Gassco’s management system. 

Overall management and control to ensure that improvements in the management system are being observed and implemented are exercised by the compliance department.

Integrated risk management

Integrated risk management plays a key part in Gassco’s management processes, and is used throughout the business. Particular attention is devoted to risks with a major accident potential, which forms the basis for workshops on major accident risk pursuant to the industry standard. A dedicated risk committee has been established to ensure an integrated understanding of risk across the whole company. Gassco’s corporate risk management procedure reflects new and updated knowledge in this field. New tools and risk pictures have also been developed and adopted.

Management tools

The board and chief executive utilise such activities as strategic planning, budgeting, periodic financial and operational reporting, and dedicated processes in conducting systematic risk management of the business. Follow-up and control are pursued in part through monthly operational and financial reporting on the development and status of the company and all its business areas. Risk management and a balanced scorecard are utilised as tools in the business areas. 

Remuneration of directors

The general meeting determines directors’ fees, which are independent of the results achieved.

Remuneration of executive personnel

The board determines the remuneration of the chief executive, including any bonus payments, in accordance with guidelines set by the general meeting. The chief executive determines the remuneration of other members of the company management team in accordance with guidelines set by the board. Remuneration of directors and the chief executive is specified in Note 3 to the accounts. The declaration on senior executive pay is presented to the general meeting as a separate item.

Performance-related pay

The board is responsible for overall assessment of the company’s development in accordance with specified targets. The company has a general performance contract, which provides all employees with the opportunity to receive an annual bonus of up to 10 per cent of basic pay, depending on the extent to which targets have been met. The board’s declaration on pay and other remuneration for senior executives, see note 3 to the accounts, details the remuneration of senior executives and the terms of the company’s remuneration policy, including the bonus plan. The board’s declaration is considered by the general meeting.

Information and communication

The board of Gassco has established a communication strategy which ensures an open dialogue both in-house and externally, so that the company’s employees and other stakeholders are well informed about its business activities. 

Press releases and annual reports are posted to the company’s website. 

User information is made available to the shippers in Gassco’s booking system, in Origo and in the user fora.

In addition, License to Share (L2S) is used as a medium of communication with infrastructure owners and shippers, while Authorityweb is used with the authorities.

Real-time information and details about planned and unplanned shutdowns are posted on Gassco’s website.


PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) is the company’s external auditor. The auditor’s fee is determined by the general meeting. The auditor attends board meetings where the accounts are considered. In addition, the board has an annual meeting on its own with the auditor. The company’s internal control is among the subjects addressed in this meeting.



Note Amounts in NOK 1 000 2018 2017
2 Total operating income 0 0
2,3,4 Total operating expenses 0 0
Other interest income 0 0
Net financial items 0 0
Profit before tax 0 0
10 Tax on ordinary activities 0 0
Profit/(loss) on ordinary activities 0 0
Net profit/(loss) 0 0
Transferred to/(from) other equity 0 0
Total transfers 0 0



Note Amounts in NOK 1 000 At 31.12.2018 At 31.12.2017
4 Land, buildings and other property 29 567 29 577
4 Operating equipment and fixtures 123 809 133 180
Total tangible assets 153 376 162 756
3,9 Other receivables 318 448 298 944
Total other long-term receivables 318 448 298 944
TOTAL FIXED ASSETS 471 823 461 701
6 Accounts receivable 53 309 64 675
5 Other receivables 173 119 177 357
Total current receivables 226 428 242 032
11 Bank deposits and cash 312 683 330 628
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS 539 111 572 660
TOTAL ASSETS 1 010 934 1 034 361
Note Amounts in NOK 1 000 At 31.12.2018 At 31.12.2017
7 Share capital 10 000 10 000
Total paid-in capital 10 000 10 000
8 Other equity 5 248 5 248
Total retained earnings 5 248 5 248
TOTAL EQUITY 15 248 15 248
9 Pension commitments 511 770 497 784
Total provisions 511 770 497 784
Long-term liabilities
5,12 Other long-term liabilities 84 804 96 708
Total long-term liabilities 84 804 96 708
Current liabilities
6 Accounts payable 139 588 119 539
11 Unpaid government charges and special taxes 103 459 114 615
5 Other current liabilities 156 065 190 468
Total current liabilities 399 113 424 621
TOTAL LIABILITIES 995 686 1 019 113

Bygnes, 28 March 2019

Mimi K Berdal

Tor Rasmus Skjærpe 


Hilde Fadnes Hølland           

Frode Leversund  
President and CEO

* Elected by the employees

Nina Schieldrop Lie

Jan Skogseth 

Brynjar Aardal 


Johan E Hustad


Kenneth Flotve



Note Amounts in NOK 1 000 2018 2017
Profit on ordinary activities before tax 0 0
4 Depreciation 39 924 40 618
6 Change in accounts receivable 11 366 (12 828)
5 Changes in other current receivables 4 238 407 883
Changes in long-term receivables (19 503) 31 277
Changes in accounts payable 20 049 (421 402)
Changes in long-term commitments 13 986 (29 061)
5 Changes in other current liabilities (45 558) 8 193
5 Changes in other long-term liabilities (11 904) (7 492)
Net cash from operational activities 12 598 17 189
4 Net disbursement for acquisition of fixed assets (30 543) (25 373)
Net cash from investment activities (30 543) (25 373)
Redemption of long-term debt 0 0
Net cash from financing activities 0 0
Net change in cash and cash equivalents (17 945) (8 184)
Cash and cash equivalents at 1 January 330 628 338 812
Cash and cash equivalents at 31 December 312 683 330 628



Note 1. Accounting principles

The annual accounts have been prepared in accordance with the Norwegian Accounting Act and generally accepted accounting principles in Norway. 

Description of the company’s business
Gassco AS was established on 14 May 2001 and is wholly owned by the Norwegian state. The company is responsible for transporting gas from the Norwegian continental shelf to Europe. Its head office is located in Bygnes, and it also has branch offices in Germany, Belgium, France and the UK.  


General rules for assessing and classifying assets and liabilities
Assets intended for permanent ownership or use have been classified as fixed assets. Other assets are classified as current assets. Accounts to be repaid within one year are classified as current assets. The same criteria are used for classification of current and long-term liabilities.

Fixed assets are carried at historical cost with a deduction for planned depreciation. If the real value of the fixed asset is lower than the book value, and this decline is not expected to be temporary, the asset is written down to fair value. Fixed assets with a limited economic life are depreciated on a straight-line basis over their economic life.  

Current assets are valued at the lower of historical cost or fair value.  

Other long-term and current liabilities are carried at nominal value.

The company has chosen to use gross recording when presenting items related to the normal operatorship in the balance sheet. This means that gross figures are presented for balances with third parties related to the company’s operator activities. These almost entirely concern accounts payable and VAT in the joint ventures.


Assets and liabilities in foreign currency

Accounts for the branches abroad are compiled in the currency primarily used in their operations (EUR, GBP). 

Balance sheets are converted from foreign currencies to Norwegian kroner at the exchange rate prevailing on 31 December, while income statements are converted at average exchange rates.


Accounts receivable 
Accounts receivable are posted at nominal value less provision for expected bad debts. Provision for bad debts is made on the basis of an individual assessment of each account.


Bank deposits and cash 

Bank deposits and cash include cash, bank deposits and other monetary instruments with a maturity shorter than three months from the date of their acquisition.


The company has various pension schemes. These are financed through payments to insurance companies, with the exception of the AFP early retirement scheme and a closed plan for pension benefits exceeding 12 times the National Insurance base rate (G). The company has both defined contribution and defined benefit plans.  

Defined contribution plans Under defined contributions plans, the company makes contributions to an insurance company. It has no further commitments once the contributions have been paid. The contributions are recorded in the accounts as payroll costs. Possible contributions paid in advance are recorded in the balance sheet as an asset (pension funds) to the extent that the contribution can be refunded or reduce future payments.  

Defined benefit plans A defined benefit plan is a pension scheme which is not a defined contribution plan. It typically defines a pension benefit which an employee will receive on retirement. This benefit normally depends on a number of factors, such as age, number of years with the company and level of pay. The capitalised commitment related to defined benefit plans is the present value of the defined benefits on the balance sheet date, less the fair value of the pension funds (amounts paid to an insurance company), adjusted for estimate variations and costs not recorded in the income statement related to pension earnings in earlier periods. The pension commitment is calculated annually by an independent actuary using a linear earnings method.



In accordance with a decision by the tax authorities, the company is exempt from tax pursuant to section 2-32, paragraph one of the Taxation Act. On the basis of this decision, the company must continuously assess whether “economic activity” is pursued which incurs a liability to tax pursuant to section 2-32, paragraph two of the Taxation Act.


Cash flow statement
The cash flow statement is prepared in accordance with the indirect method. Cash and cash equivalents include cash in hand, bank deposits and other short-term liquid investments which can be converted immediately and with insignificant price risk to known cash amounts and which have a remaining term to maturity of less than three months from the date of acquisition.


Note 2. The company’s income and expenses

The company’s primary roles can be defined as the exercise of special and normal operator responsibilities. 

The special operatorship refers to the performance of duties allocated to Gassco pursuant to the Norwegian Petroleum Act and associated regulations. It relates to system operation, capacity administration and infrastructure development. The normal operatorship refers to the technical operation of facilities and platforms pursuant to the Norwegian Petroleum Act’s provisions on operator responsibility.

These duties are also regulated in the operator agreements with the Gassled, Haltenpipe, Zeepipe Terminal, Dunkerque Terminal, Valemon Rich Gas Pipeline, Knarr Gas Pipeline, Utsira High Gas Pipeline, Nyhamna and Polarled joint ventures, which own the infrastructure for transporting gas from the NCS. 

In addition, Gassco carries out a number of study assignments for various government bodies and players on the NCS. 

Gassco is not intended to make a loss or profit from its activities. All its expenses are therefore covered by the licensees for work related to the normal operatorship and by the gas shippers for work related to the special operatorship. Other assignments are financed by the client which awards the assignment.  

Activities are thereby deemed to be performed on behalf of the clients and at their expense and risk, and costs related to Gassco’s various assignments accordingly do not appear in the accounts for Gassco AS. A net presentation of this kind accords with practice at other operators where the expenses of the operatorship are divided between the owners. 

However, the net presentation provides very limited information on Gassco’s total activities and area of responsibility. Gassco’s accounts are accordingly presented below in accordance with the proportionate consolidation method.



Note Amounts in NOK 1 000 2018 2017
Normal operatorship 8 670 520 7 350 436
Special operatorship 273 505 273 624
Other assignments 129 336 229 198
Total operating income 9 073 361 7 853 258
3 Payroll expenses 495 549 510 212
4 Depreciation of fixed assets, Gassco 39 924 40 618
Other expenses 8 537 889 7 302 429
Total operating expenses 9 073 361 7 853 258
Other interest income 0 0
Net financial items 0 0
10 Tax on ordinary activities 0 0



Tariff revenues  
Gassco is also responsible for administering capacity available at any given time in the pipeline network and at the treatment plants. On behalf of the transport system’s owners, Gassco invoices all shippers on the NCS for their booked capacity in accordance with applicable tariffs. Tariffs paid by the shippers are transferred without delay to the transport system owners.


Amounts in NOK 1 000 2018 2017
TOTAL TARIFF REVENUES 31 458 344 27 670 318


Note 3. Payroll expenses, number of employees, remuneration, loans to employees, etc


Amounts in NOK 1 000
Pay 350 918 351 786
Payroll tax 62 354 63 270
Pension costs (see note 9) 66 431 76 469
Other benefits 15 845 18 686
Total payroll expenses 495 549 510 212


Remuneration of senior staff in 2017

Amounts in NOK 1 000
Surname, forename Pay/ remuneration 1 Bonus 2 Other benefits 3 Pension costs 4 Total Loans
Leversund, Frode President and CEO 3 200 248 18 200 3 666 -
Alcock, Jonathan Peter Executive vice president, asset management 1 808 129 9 626 2 572 330
Rossebø, Øystein Høyvik Executive vice president, development and innovation 1 655 110 25 157 1 947 340
Kaste, Kristin Kinn Executive vice president, system operation 1 594 106 28 160 1 888 17
Viksund, Randi Executive vice president, HR 1 551 108 34 163 1 856 537
Lund, Trine Chief compliance officer 1 489 104 20 1021 2 634 -
Aarhus, Britt Chief innovation officer 1 386 96 30 161 1 673 575


1 Pay/remuneration plus fixed overtime pay in 2018
A bonus amounting to eight per cent of basic pay was paid on 31 March 2018 on the basis of results for 2017.
3 Telephone, broadband, insurance, etc
4 Pension premium and provision for 2018

Amounts in NOK 1 000
Remuneration of directors in 2017   Amount
Directors   1 856
Amounts in NOK 1 000
Loans and security provided to: Loans Security
Employees 67 314 0

Declaration on pay for Gassco’s executive management for the 2018 financial statements

The basis of the principles for remuneration of senior executives is that Gassco should be able to attract and retain personnel with the knowledge and experience required by the company. Gassco’s most important context is the upstream oil and gas industry in Norway. It will offer competitive terms in relation to this, but not be a pacesetter on pay. 

Remuneration of senior executives will accord with legal provisions and guidelines as well as with good corporate governance. It will be equitable and non-discriminatory, and based on the responsibility and authority of the post as well as individual performance. 

In accordance with its guidelines, the board determines the pay and other conditions of the chief executive, while the latter determines the pay and benefits of the rest of the management team. A compensation committee comprising the chair and two directors has been established. The executive vice president for human resources serves as the committee’s secretariat. This prepares matters for the board and supports the board in its work on the chief executive’s conditions of employment as well as the framework and principles for the conditions of employment of other employees, including bonus plans. 

Gassco’s remuneration system comprises basic pay, bonus, pension and insurance plans, and other benefits. Nobody in Gassco has agreements on pay after termination of their employment or on severance pay. 

The bonus scheme can provide a bonus of up to 10 per cent if agreed targets are met. The board approves the performance indicators relating to HSE, finance, operations and development. Different performance indicators are included in the bonus calculation for each year. The targets for the performance indicators have become more demanding in recent years, and clear boundaries have been established for when a target is met, partly met or not met. The bonus scheme is the same for all employees in Gassco.

Pension and insurance plans for the management team are the same as for other Gassco employees. 

Employer’s liability insurance covers permanent injury, permanent disability and death. A health insurance policy is also in place, along with an all-year travel policy covering both business and private travel.

Other benefits include payments in kind such as free phone, broadband and personal insurance. Gassco also offers all employees interest-free loans of up to NOK 600 000 with a term of 12 years.

Gassco introduced a defined contribution pension scheme at 1 January 2016 with rates of 7 and 25.1 per cent. At the same time, the pension plan for rates of pay exceeding 12G was terminated. The former defined benefit plan was retained for employees who will reach the age of 67 within 15 years or less. Gassco’s pension arrangements have thereby been converted and adapted to the new National Insurance and AFP early retirement provisions as well as to guidelines from government on pay and other benefits for senior executives in state-owned companies. 



NOK 1 687 958 was charged in 2018 as fees to PricewaterhouseCoopers AS for auditing the company and the licences operated by Gassco AS. Furthermore, PricewaterhouseCoopers AS was paid fees of NOK 155 763 for consultancy work. No fees were paid to Advokatfirmaet PricewaterhouseCoopers AS for legal assistance in 2018. 


Note 4 . Tangible fixed assets

Amounts in NOK 1 000  
2018 Buildings and other real property Operating equipment, fixtures, tools, etc TOTAL
Acquisition cost 1 Jan 2018 47 888 333 912 381 800
Additions - 30 573 30 573
Disposals/scrapping (1 718) (5 392) (7 110)
Conversion difference - 59 59
Acquisition cost 31 Dec 2018 46 169 359 152 405 321
Accumulated depreciation 1 Jan 2018 18 311 200 732 219 043
Disposal accumulated depreciation (1 718) (5 368) (7 087)
Depreciation for the year 10 39 914 39 924
Conversion difference - 65 65
Accumulated depreciation 31 Dec 2018 16 603 235 343 251 945
Book value 31 Dec 2018 29 567 123 809 153 376
Economic lifetime 5,50 years 3,5,7,8,10 years
Depreciation plan Linear/none Linear



Note 5. Other receivables and liabilities

Amounts in NOK 1 000
Receivable from licences 164 778 173 218
Other current receivables 8 341 4 139
Total other current receivables 173 119 177 357
Amounts in NOK 1 000
Liabilities to shippers 84 804 96 708
Amounts in NOK 1 000
Liabilities to shippers 18 011 48 214
Liabilities to credit institutions 69 472 69 655
Payroll-related liabilities 68 133 69 602
Other current liabilities 449 2 996
Total other current liabilities 156 065 190 468



Note 6. Related parties

Equinor ASA and Gassco AS have a common owner in the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, and are thereby related parties. Gassco AS purchased goods/services worth NOK 5 160 million, including VAT, in 2018 (2017: NOK 4 545 million) related to various technical service provider (TSP) and third-party assignments. NOK 17 698 million (2017: NOK 16 391 million) was invoiced net as services sold (including tariffs) to Equinor ASA/Equinor Energy AS. The net balance with Equinor was NOK 1 670 million at 31 December 2018 (2017: NOK 1 731 million). This figure also includes tariffs invoiced on behalf of the owners of the various joint ventures which are not recorded in the Gassco AS balance sheet.  


Note 7. Share capital and shareholder information

The share capital of the company at 31 December 2018 comprised the following:

Number Nominal value Book value
SHARE CAPITAL 10 000 1 000 10 000 000
The Norwegian government, represented by the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy 10 000



Note 8. Equity

Amounts in NOK 1 000 Share capital Other equity Total equity
Equity at 1 Jan 2018 10 000 5 248 15 248
Year’s change in equity:
Profit for the year - -
Equity at 31 December 2018 10 000 5 248 15 248




Note 9. Pension costs, funds and commitments

The company has pension plans which cover all its employees in Norway, Germany, France, Belgium and the UK.

Pension arrangements for employees in Norway:
A defined contribution plan is the main pension arrangement in Norway, with premiums paid representing the pension expense for the year. Gassco AS also has closed defined benefit pension schemes for employees who would reach the age of 67 in 15 years or less from 2015. These defined benefit plans depend primarily on the number of years of pensionable service, the level of pay at retirement and the size of state pension benefits. The company has both funded and unfunded plans. The calculated premium for all the plans is expensed annually and refunded by the licensees, and reflects the fact that the pension responsibility vis-à-vis the operator is settled as the obligation arises. For this reason, refunded pension costs from the licensees differ from premium payments and costs pursuant to the Norwegian Accounting Standard.

The company recorded the calculated pension commitment at 31 December 2018 in the balance sheet, with the corresponding receivable from the licensees as a counter item. Changes to the calculated pension commitment will thereby have no effect on profit.

The table below presents pension costs plus funds and commitments.

Amounts in NOK 1 000
Present value of pension earning for the year 16 830 24 980
Interest cost of the pension commitment 9 048 6 732
Curtailment/settlement 0 0
Administration costs 118 77
Early retirement packages 0 0
Recorded implementation effect/curtailment/settlement 0 (1 655)
Recorded estimate loss/(gain) 4 850 (14 191)
Net pension expenses/(gain) 30 846 15 944


The company also has an agreement on early retirement (AFP). The new AFP scheme, which applies from 1 January 2011, is to be regarded as a defined-benefit multi-company plan, but will be treated in the accounts as a defined-contribution plan until reliable and adequate information is available which allows the group to account for its proportionate share of the pension expense, liability and funds in the scheme. As a result, the company’s liability is not recorded as debt in the balance sheet.   

Plan members who would reach 67 years of age in more than 15 years converted to a defined contribution pension with effect from 1 January 2016. The curtailment effect of the product change was taken in 2015. The settlement effect was realised in 2016 together with the gain/loss on curtailment. The difference between actual funds leaving the plan and the estimated figure for 2015 yielded a gain on the settlement effect. 

As part of the restructuring of the company, early retirement agreements were entered into for some of the company’s employees in 2016. The company charged these early retirement costs in 2016. Possible estimate variations in future years will be charged out.

Amounts in NOK 1 000
2018 Funded (collective) Unfunded (AFP) Other unfunded Total
Earned pension commitments 397 159 0 270 956 668 115
Pension funds (at fair value) (291 000) 0 0 (291 000)
Unrecorded effect of estimate variations 0 0 0
NET PENSION COMMITMENTS 106 159 0 270 956 377 115
Amounts in NOK 1 000
2017 Funded (collective) Unfunded (AFP) Other unfunded Total
Earned pension commitments 380 681 0 277 952 658 632
Pension funds (at fair value) (275 700) 0 0 (275 700)
Unrecorded effect of estimate variations 0 0 0 0
NET PENSION COMMITMENTS 104 981 0 277 952 382 932
Discount rate on corporate bonds 2.60% 2.40%
Expected return on pension funds 2.60% 2.40%
Expected pay growth 2.75% 2.50%
Expected adjustment to current pensions 1.5% / 2.5% 1.5% / 2.25%
Expected change to National Insurance base rate (G) 2.50% 2.25%

Actuarial assumptions for demographic factors and natural wastage are based on assumptions normally applied in the insurance industry.


Pension arrangements for employees in Belgium
Employees in Belgium have either defined benefit or defined contribution plans. Funds in these plans at 31 December 2018 satisfied local requirements.

Amounts in NOK 1 000
Present value of pension earning for the year 4 281 3 976
Interest cost of pension commitment 1 652 1 017
Return on pension funds (1 312) (448)
Administration costs 0 0
NET PENSION COST 4 622 4 544
Amounts in NOK 1 000
FUNDED 2018 2017
Earned pension commitments 111 972 94 302
Pension funds (at fair value) (85 577) (81 206)

These arrangements apply to all the company’s employees in Belgium.

Discount rate 1.60% 1.60%
Expected return on pension funds 1.50% 1.60%
Expected pay growth 2.00% 2.00%
Expected adjustment to current pensions 1.80% 1.80%


Actuarial assumptions for demographic factors and natural wastage are based on assumptions normally applied in the insurance industry.

Pension arrangements for employees in France  
Employees in France have defined contribution pension plans which comply with local requirements.

Pension arrangements for employees in the UK 
Employees in the UK have defined contribution pension plans which comply with local requirements.

Pension arrangements for employees in Germany
Employees in Germany have various defined benefit pension plans.

Amounts in NOK 1 000
Present value of pension earning for the year 13 802 13 786
Interest cost of pension commitment 6 363 5 593
Recorded estimate loss/(gain) (1 373) 20 675
NET PENSION COST 18 792 40 054
Amounts in NOK 1 000
FUNDED 2018 2017
Earned pension commitments 320 028 298 799
Pension funds (at fair value) (211 769) (197 044)


These arrangements apply to all the company’s employees in Germany.

Discount rate 2.20% 1.90%
Expected return on pension funds 0.00% 0.00%
Expected pay growth 3.30% 3.30%
Expected adjustment to current pensions 1.80% 1.80%


Actuarial assumptions for demographic factors and natural wastage are based on assumptions normally applied in the insurance industry.



Note 10. Income taxes

Taxes for the year are as follows
Amounts in NOK 1 000 2018 2017
Tax payable 0 0
Changes in deferred tax 0 0
Amounts in NOK 1 000
Tax payable in the balance sheet 0 0


The company received a decision from the tax authorities dated 18 May 2017 which finds the company to be exempt from tax pursuant to section 2-32, paragraph one of the Taxation Act. Tax payments made in 2012-15 were repaid in 2017. 

The company has reviewed the factual position concerning its activities in 2018 and concluded that the conditions for tax exemption were also fulfilled in that year. No tax payable has therefore been calculated for 2018 nor any temporary differences/deferred tax for either 2018 or 2017.



Note 11. Bank deposits

Bank deposits and cash include NOK 11 994 088 in tied tax withholdings. 


Note 12. Guarantees


The company has furnished bank guarantees in the amount of EUR 500 000 to the Belgian authorities relating to Belgian VAT and GBP 400 000 to the UK authorities related to Langeled, and a statutory bank guarantee in the amount of EUR 470 000 related to ATZ pensioners in Germany.



Auditor’s report